|Chapter 22: Amines|
The N in ammonia functions as the nucleophile and attacks the electrophilic C of the alkyl halide displacing the bromide and creating the new C-N bond.
An acid/base reaction. The base (excess ammonia) deprotonates the positive N (ammonium) center creating the alkylation product, the primary amine.
|© Dr. Ian Hunt, Department of Chemistry|