Chapter 22: Amines
Reduction of Nitro
Reaction type : Oxidation - Reduction
- Nitroarenes can be reduced to
primary aryl amines (see scheme).
- Typical reducing agents include,
Fe / H+, Sn / H+ or catalytic hydrogenation (e.g.
H2 / Pd)
- Nitroarenes are prepared by the
nitration of aromatics.
- This is probably the most important
method for the synthesis of anilines (Ar-NH2) and,
therefore, accessing the chemistry of diazonium
compounds (see later)