Return to Contents  Chapter 17: Aldehydes and Ketones. Nucleophilic Additionto C=O  Ch 17 contents


Aldehydes (RCHO) and ketones (RCOR') are very important functional groups, characterised by the presence of an acyl group (C=O) bonded either to H (aldehydes) or another C (ketones).
There are two contrasting, but equally important reactivity patterns for these compounds:

1.  Aldehydes and ketones are attacked by nucleophiles due to the electrophilic character of the carbonyl C. (Chapter 17)  carbonyl resonance
2.  Treatment of aldehydes and ketones with a suitable base can lead to the formation of a nucleophilic species called an enolate that reacts with electrophiles. (Chapter18) preparation of an enolate

In this chapter, we will be looking at the reactions of aldehydes andketones with nucleophiles:

nucleophilic addition of aldehydes and ketones
Aldehydes and Ketones Preparations of Aldehydes and Ketones Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones Spectroscopic Analysis


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organic chemistry © Dr. Ian Hunt, Department of Chemistry University of Calgary