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Cahn-Ingold-Prelog R/S Notation

The Cahn-Ingold-Prelog R/S rules are used for naming enantiomers and diastereomers

NB: The term chirality has superceded the term stereogenic or chiral center.

  1. Identify the chirality centers (most commonly an sp3 C with 4 different groups attached)
  2. Assign the priority to each group (high = 1, low = 4) based on atomic number of the atom attached to the chirality center (remember the first point of difference rule)
  3. Position the lowest priority group away from you as if you were looking along the C-(4) s bond. If you are using a model, grasp the group in your fist.
  4. For the other 3 groups, determine the direction of high to low priority (1 to 3)
  5. If this is clockwise, then the center is R (Latin: rectus = right)
  6. If this is counter clockwise, then it is S (Latin: sinister = left)
Example: bromofluoroiodomethane
 
The chirality center is easy to spot, and the four attached groups are I (purple), Br (maroon), F(green) and H (white), listed in priority order, highest to to lowest. Rotate the JMOL image on the left so the you are looking along the C-H bond and the H is away from you, then determine the direction of high to low priority. 
It decreases clockwise, so this is the R enantiomer. 

Subrules:

 Can you convey this on a piece of paper?


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  Dr. Ian Hunt, Department of Chemistry, University of Calgary